The 10 Most Common STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) in the World
The most common STD (sexually transmitted diseases) are caused
by over 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites, most can lead to chronic diseases, infertility and even
However, despite its high incidence, many young adults are unaware, and do not make sufficient efforts to prevent
They are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which globally affect one in ten young people between 15 and 24
years and more and more adults over 45 years.
In Latin America, lack of data and statistics difficult to get a general idea of the picture, and the available
studies show that the incidence of these diseases varies dramatically from country to country and even from one
geographic area to another within each nation.
Here the list of the 10 most common STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) in the world:
It is the most common bacterial disease. It is transmitted through vaginal,
anal and oral, also by sharing sex toys or from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth.
It is cured with an antibiotic and the best prevention is the condom. It is known as "silent infection" because in
most cases no symptoms. It can infect the cells of the cervix, urethra, rectum and sometimes, throat and eyes.
If not detected early can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), the consequences are chronic pelvic pain and
In women, the symptoms are heavy flow, abnormal bleeding between periods or during sex, pain during intercourse and
urination, and the lower abdomen.
In men manifests as whitish liquid coming out of the urethra and painful urination or testicles.
GONORRHOEA or GONORRHEA
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can infect the urethra, cervix,
rectum, anus and throat if you have oral sex. Symptoms usually appear between 1 and 14 days after intercourse.
You may not have symptoms, and men tend to notice them more than women. Symptoms of
Gonorrhea may include burning during urination, white or yellow liquid penis, vaginal irritation or
discharge yellowish and anus.
A gonorrhea infection during pregnancy can cause serious problems to the baby. If a mother is
infected can pass gonorrhea to her baby during childbirth.
It is easily cured with antibiotics. But if left untreated in women gonorrhea-and chlamydia-can turn into pelvic
inflammatory disease which can prevent you from having children.
If left untreated in men, it can also leave them sterile.
Although it is easily cured with antibiotics or penicillin, caused thousands of deaths
worldwide. It is spread through oral, vaginal or anal contact with the skin of an infected or by sharing sex toys.
It also can be transmitted in a blood transfusion. It can infect the pregnant woman to her baby, which is known as
Coincide symptoms in men and women, but can be difficult to identify, similar to those of fever and flu-and even
In the first stage, two or three weeks after the bacteria have entered the body, are a chancre (injuries), usually
painless. If left untreated for a long time, syphilis can cause serious damage to the heart, brain, eyes and other
internal organs and cause death.
Is detected with an exudate or blood tests and observation of the genital area.
Syphilis markedly increases the risk of contracting the AIDS virus.
Genital herpes is a herpes-like virus that appears in the mouth and is transmitted sexually. You
can also move to the mouth during oral sex.
Sometimes symptoms appear long after the infection, even years.
The virus produces painful sores around the vagina and penis. Like cold sores, once the virus enters the body
remains there for life, so the ulcers may recur.
Currently there are antibiotics that fight the virus and control, but there is no cure.
In the case of pregnant women, represents a risk to the baby, so you should consult your doctor if you have had
HIV / AIDS
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infects immune system cells and destroys
them, reducing the body's ability to ward off other infections and cancer.
There is no cure: the person is infected for life. If you start to develop infections or cancer is considered to
have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS.
HIV is transmitted only through the entry of blood, semen, vaginal fluids or breast milk to the body. The two most
common ways of getting it for vaginal or anal sex without a condom or by sharing infected needles or syringes. The
virus can pass from mother to baby before or during birth and breastfeed.
Other modes of transmission are blood transfusions, oral sex and to a lesser extent at the dentist or through
kissing, if both people have mouth sores.
Symptoms of HIV are not immediate. The only way to detect the virus is through a blood test.
Caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, is a very common STD. They almost always
transmitted by sexual contact. In women, it infects the cells of the vagina and the urethra (pee hole), in men the
It is transmitted through vaginal sex, sharing sex toys or son pregnant.
Almost half of women have no symptoms. The discomfort may appear from 3-21 days after getting the parasite. In
women, the symptoms are white discharge or odor, itching or burning in the vagina, painful urination and / or
during sexual intercourse, and abdominal discomfort.
In men the urethra packed in liquid, pain or burning during urination or swelling of the glans or foreskin (less
common). Swabbing is detected and cured with antibiotics. In the case of pregnant women, women who are
breastfeeding or taking birth control pills, consult the doctor.
To prevent new infections, the sexual partner should be treated well.
Condyloma or genital warts are extremely common and contagious, caused by the
human papilloma virus, HPV, or HPV, for its acronym in English. It is transmitted by having sex oral, genital or
anal sex with one infected but may also contract with mere skin to skin contact.
It manifests in the form of warts located on the genitals or anus. Without care, warts grow and take a form similar
to a cauliflower.
In men, genital warts are usually visible on the head of the penis. In women, certain types of HPV, there are over
100 - can lead to cancer of the cervix. Symptoms include, besides warts permanent discomfort in the genital area.
If a pregnant woman has genital warts, your child can become infected during birth.
Treatment of genital warts is usually quick and easy. Apply creams or warts are removed with heat,
cold, or a small laser surgery.
It's caused by a fungus called Candida albicans which lives on the skin, mouth and genital
areas. Generally kept in check, but sometimes grows and produces the disease.
The use of tight clothing like jeans or underwear made of synthetic materials that do not favor ventilation,
pregnancy, chemotherapy, diabetes, HIV or other diseases affecting the immune system or using products that
irritate the vagina, such as soaps or shampoos increase the risk of candidiasis.
This fungus can spread through vaginal, anal or oral, by the fingers or by sharing sex toys.
Many times there are no symptoms. The treatment for Candidiasis is simple and consists
of creams, vaginal tablets, lozenges or a combination of the three.
If left untreated, usually go alone, as the body naturally combats, but in man can cause inflammation of the
Crab lice or pubic lice are a bothersome and small parasites that dig into the skin to feed on
blood. They live in body hair, especially pubic hair, but can also be found in armpit hair, face or chest. Head
lice are yellow-gray and use their claws to grip hair strands.
Pubic lice are easily passed during sex, but can also be passed by sharing clothing, towels or bedding with someone
who has them. Pubic lice cannot be transmitted via toilet seats or swimming pools.
The symptoms are itching and skin inflammation. Sometimes you can see the lice and eggs, as well as blood spots
bugs feed on the blood vessels of the skin.
Cured with special shampoos. They should wash their towels and linens and avoid sex until treatment is
It is a skin infection caused by a tiny parasite that dwells in the skin and lays eggs. It is
easily transmitted through close physical or sexual contact. Children can also become infected if they are near
someone with scabies.
The parasites lodge in the genital area, hands, between the fingers, wrists, elbows, armpits, abdomen, chest,
around the nipples in women, feet, ankles and buttocks.
The bugs survive 72 hours away from the skin, therefore may be present in the clothes, bedding and towels. Some
people do not see the symptoms, which may be absent even up to six weeks after contracting the parasite.
The symptoms are severe itching - which sometimes occurs only at night-irritation and sores from scratching
The treatment for Sarna is simple and is applied a lotion or cream. Everyone must be treated nearby too, and
you have hot water wash clothing, sheets and towels.
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